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Buy Softcover. Rent the eBook. FAQ Policy. About this book This book presents a study of digital computation in contemporary cognitive science. Show all. Argues that computation and information processing are distinct. Mostly this is a preliminary version of the following paper, which is also more complete and systematic. A detailed and systematic discussion of the relations between the three notions in the title, with emphasis on the lack of identity between information processing and computation.
This paper contains my latest and most general formulation of the mechanistic account of computation. This paper supersedes the paper just above, except for some historical remarks that did not make it into the larger paper. Argues that neural activity is a sui generic type of computation; it is neither analog nor digital computation. On Explanation in Psychology and Neuroscience.
Argues that contrary to the received view, functional analyses are mechanism sketches i. On Functions in Biology and Artifacts. Forthcoming in the British Journal for the Philosophy of Science. Defends a goal-contribution account of functions to the effect that i functions are non-negligible contributions to survival or inclusive fitness when a trait contributes to survival or inclusive fitness , ii situations appropriate for the performance of a function are typical situations in which a trait contributes to survival or inclusive fitness, iii appropriate rates of functioning are rates that are adequate contributions to survival or inclusive fitness in situations appropriate for the performance of that function , and iv dysfunction is the inability to perform a function at an appropriate rate in appropriate situations.
On Metaphysics. Sprevak and J. Kallestrup , eds. Reviews different versions of functionalism and their relations, and defends the following combination: basic functionalism plus mechanisms plus neural representations and computations plus naturalistic semantics based on information and control plus properties that are powerful qualities. On First-Person Data.
Argues that scientific data ought to be public. This paper is not specifically on first-person data, but it provides a crucial premise for the methodology of first-person data developed in the other papers in this group. Argues that when properly understood and handled, first-person reports are a legitimate source of public scientific data. Semantic Account The semantic account of implementation is by far the most popular among philosophers. Causal Account The causal account requires that the physical states taken to correspond to the mathematical description of computation are causally linked Chalmers Other objections to CTM The objection discussed in section 3 is by no means the only objection discussed in philosophy, but it is special because of its potential to completely trivialize CTM.
Conclusion The Computational Theory of Mind CTM is the working assumption of the vast majority of modeling efforts in cognitive science, though there are important differences among various computational accounts of mental processes. References and Further Reading Aizawa, Kenneth. The Systematicity Arguments.
Boston: Kluwer Academic.
Gualtiero Piccinini's Physical Computation // Reviewed by Michael Rescorla - BSPS
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Connectionism and the Mind. Boden, Margaret A. Bowers, Jeffrey S. Chalmers, David J. Clark, Andy. Copeland, B. Craver, Carl F.
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The Computational Theory of Mind
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