In the traditional Chinese symbolic vocabulary, the construction of gender was never far from debates about ritual propriety, desire, and even cosmic harmony. Competing Discourses maps the aesthetic and semantic meanings associated with gender in the Ming—Qing vernacular novel through close readings of five long narratives.
Unfinished Business: Ayukawa Yoshisuke and U.
He was also a proponent of free trade and global economic interdependence. But why do we see these figures in this way?
The new woman in early twentieth-century Chinese fiction / Jin Feng.
This study first seeks to answer this question by examining the details of the marginalizing discourse found in these texts. In this new study of desire in Late Imperial China, Martin Huang argues that the development of traditional Chinese fiction as a narrative genre was closely related to changes in conceptions of the fundamental nature of desire. Re-examining the Cold War: U. In this comprehensive study of the rhetoric, narrative patterns, and intellectual content of the Zuozhuan and Guoyu , David Schaberg reads these two collections of historical anecdotes as traces of a historiographical practice that flourished around the fourth century BCE among the followers of Confucius.
For much of the twentieth century, the May Fourth movement of was seen as the foundational moment of modernity in China. Recent examinations of literary and cultural modernity in China have, however, led to a questioning of this view. By approaching May Fourth from novel perspectives, the authors of the eight studies in this volume seek to contribute to the ongoing critique of the movement. Reading history backward, scholars have often taken this to be a nostalgia for greatness presumed to have been lost in the wars of the late s.
It is a dynamic collection, full of innovative, challenging poetry—not an elegy for a lost age. By examining the growth in individual rights, the public sphere, democratic processes, and pluralization, Ogden seeks to answer questions concerning the relevance of liberal democratic ideas for China and the relationship between a democratic political culture and a democratic political system.
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Few institutions are as well suited as the monarchy to provide a window on postwar Japan. The monarchy, which is also a family, has been significant both as a political and as a cultural institution.
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Rather than focusing on the psychology of personal emotions at work, this study concentrates on emotions as role requirements, on workplace emotions that combine the private with the public, the personal with the social, and the authentic with the masked. In this cross-cultural study of "emotion management," the author argues that even though the goals of normative control in factories, offices, and shops may be similar across cultures, organizational structure and the surrounding culture affect how that control is discussed and conceived.
Their collective goal is to rethink the reforms not as a failed attempt at modernizing China but as a period in which many of the institutions that have since structured China began. The Golden Age of the U. A collaborative effort by scholars from the United States, China, and Japan, this volume focuses on the period —, during which all three countries, brought together by a shared geopolitical strategy, established mutual relations with one another despite differences in their histories, values, and perceptions of their own national interest.
Although each initially conceived of its political and security relations with the others in bilateral terms, the three in fact came to form an economic and political triangle during the s and s. But this triangle is a strange one whose dynamics are constantly changing. Its corners the three countries and its sides the three bilateral relationships are unequal, while its overall nature the capacity of the three to work together has varied considerably as the economic and strategic positions of the three have changed and post—Cold War tensions and uncertainties have emerged.
The authors analyze the social, cultural, and political meaning attached to the cult of Confucius; its history; the legends, images, and rituals associated with it; the power of the descendants of Confucius; the main temple in the birthplace of Confucius; and the contemporary fate of temples to Confucius.
Chen Fangming 陳芳明
To the contrary, other factors—social, economic, political—have stimulated religion. How and why this has happened are central issues in this book. In the extension of the Japanese empire in the s and s, technology, geo-strategy, and institutions were closely intertwined in empire building. The central argument of this study of the development of a communications network linking the far-flung parts of the Japanese imperium is that modern telecommunications not only served to connect these territories but, more important, made it possible for the Japanese to envision an integrated empire in Asia.
Even as the imperial communications network served to foster integration and strengthened Japanese leadership and control, its creation and operation exacerbated long-standing tensions and created new conflicts within the government, the military, and society in general. For 1, years, Chinese calligraphy was based on the elegant art of Wang Xizhi A. But the emergence in the 17th century of a style modeled on the rough, broken epigraphs of ancient artifacts led to the formation of the stele school. Eminent calligrapher and art theorist Fu Shan — was a dominant force in this school.
Ming and Qing China were well populated with foxes, shape changers who transgressed the boundaries of species, gender, and the metaphysical realm. Huntington investigates the fox as alien and attempts to establish the boundaries of the human. A house is a site, the bounds and focus of a community. This book takes the Japanese house in both senses, as site and as artifact, and explores the spaces, commodities, and conceptions of community associated with it in the modern era.
In the early 20th century, China began to import and then to manufacture thousands of consumer goods. Politicians feared trade deficits. Intellectuals feared loss of national sovereignty. And manufacturers wondered how they could survive a flood of cheap imports. Gerth argues that the responses of these groups helped foster modern nationalism. This book deals with the poetic configurations of the private garden in cities from the ninth to the eleventh century in relation to the development of the private sphere in Chinese literati culture.
In , a very public crusade against opium was in full swing throughout China, and the provincial capital and treaty port of Fuzhou was a central stage for the campaign. This volume attempts to reconcile that apparent contradiction. The Analects Lunyu is one of the most influential texts in human history.
As a foundational text in scriptural Confucianism, it was instrumental in shaping intellectual traditions in China and East Asia. But no premodern reader read only the text of the Analects itself. Rather, the Analects was embedded in a web of interpretation that mediated its meaning. Modern interpreters of the Analects only rarely acknowledge this legacy of two thousand years of commentaries. This book attempts to redress our neglect of commentaries by analyzing four key works dating from the late second century to the mid-nineteenth century. The concepts, definitions, and interpretations of property rights, corporate structures, and business practices in contemporary China have historical, institutional, and cultural roots.
By viewing Taiwan—China relations as a product of the history of Qing expansionism, the author contributes to our understanding of current political events in the region. This book explores how memories of the past become traditions, and the role of these traditions in the institutional development of the noh theater from its beginnings in the fourteenth century through the late twentieth century.
The author argues that the traditions that form the ethos of noh, such as those surrounding masks and manuscripts, are the key traits that define it as an art. This book examines the Nanjing decade of Guomindang rule — and the early post-Mao reform era — of Chinese history that have commonly been viewed as periods of state disintegration or retreat. And they were—at the central level.
When reexamined at the local level, however, both are revealed as periods of state building. Among the earliest and most radical of the Meiji reforms was a plan for a centralized, compulsory educational system modeled after those in Europe and America. But commoners throughout Japan had established 50, schools with almost no guidance or support from the government. Consequently, the plan met with resistance, as local officials, teachers, and citizens pursued alternative educational visions.
Their efforts ultimately led to the growth and consolidation of a new educational system, one with the imprint of local demands and expectations. The eleven chapters in this volume explore the process of carving out, in discourse and in practice, the boundaries delineating the state, the civil sphere, and the family in Japan from to One of the central themes in the volume is the demarcation of relations between the central political authorities and local communities. This book examines the Chinese opium crisis from the perspective of Qing prohibition efforts.
The author argues that opium prohibition, and not the opium wars, was genuinely imperial in scale and is hence much more representative of the actual drug problem faced by Qing administrators.
Contributors in: Chinese Poetic Modernisms
The study of prohibition also permits a more comprehensive and accurate observation of the economics and criminology of opium. What is the relationship between ethics and history in the study of literature? Mount Tai in northeastern China has long been a sacred site. Throughout history, it has been a magnet for both women and men from all classes—emperors, aristocrats, officials, literati, and villagers. This book examines the behavior of those who made the pilgrimage to Mount Tai and their interpretations of its sacrality and history, as a means of better understanding their identities and mentalities.
Kokugaku , or nativism, was one of the most important intellectual movements from the seventeenth through the nineteenth century in Japan, and its worldview continues to be influential today.